Seniors Find Hope and Opportunity With Reverse Mortgages

Seniors find hope and opportunity with reverse mortgagesIt’s the season of hope and new growth and opportunity.  Flowers are blooming, trees are budding, the grass is growing.  As with the season, seniors can find this hope, new growth and have new opportunities that they can remain in their home with security, independence, dignity and control.  And like the many types of flowers, buds and new growth, the variety of how the reverse mortgage funds are used and numerous, basically endless.  Here are some of the ways seniors have found hope and opportunity with their reverse mortgage.

  • Stay in one’s home where they may have raised their family, are familiar with the neighborhood and their neighbors and where they usually want to remain.
  • Pay off a current mortgage to eliminate the monthly mortgage payments.
  • Save one’s home when faced with foreclosure or tax forfeiture.
  • Have improved cash flow with no monthly mortgage payments.
  •  Have funds for making home improvements or home modifications.
  •  Retire and not feeling like you have to work just to have money to pay the bills.
  •  Have cash flow to be able to pay taxes.
  •  Have funds to pay for home health care.
  •  Have funds for some assistance with home care or companion services.
  •  Have funds for adult day services.
  •  Have funds for medical expenses and prescriptions.Seniors find hope and opportunity with reverse mortgages
  •  Afford going to the dentist.
  •  Afford new eye glasses.
  •  Have funds for the needed hearing aid.
  •  Have funds to cover long term care expenses.
  •  Cover everyday living expenses.
  •  Not rely on credit cards.
  •  Not rely on children.
  •  Have funds for the little extras in life, like:
    • getting one’s hair done,
    • having cable TV,
    • buying groceries,
    • going to lunch with friends,
    • treating their children to dinner,
    • going to community plays or the theater or a concert,
    • taking the grandchildren to the zoo or a movie,
    • Depends (I had a client say with their reverse mortgage they could now afford to buy Depends),
    • being able to do hobbies.
  • Purchase a more dependable car
  • Afford transportation if one can no longer drive.
  • Afford the travel for the family wedding or reunion.
  • Take the vacation they have dreamed of all their life.
  • Protect some of their other retirement funds or investments where there might be taxes or penalties on withdrawals.
  • Purchase a new home to downsize and/or  move closer to family
  • Have funds for emergencies.
  • Reduce financial stress.
  • Have funds to full fill needs and goals.
  • To live with security, independence, dignity and control.

Seniors find hope and opportunity with reverse mortgagesIt’s fulfilling to me to be able to help seniors find hope, growth, and opportunity with  reverse mortgage (visit the links below for some stories).  A reverse mortgage has given hope and opportunity to thousands of Minnesota seniors so they can remain in their home with security, independence, dignity and control even during trying times.  If you know a senior who is looking for hope and opportunity, a reverse mortgage may be their answer.

To determine if a reverse mortgage is right for one’s situation, talk with an experienced licensed reverse mortgage expert to get the facts.  Learn some of the facts at our website: www.RMSIDAC.com.  “What to Consider When Talking With Reverse Mortgage Lenders” will help you determine questions to ask when choosing your originator.

© 2012 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-y9

Related articles of stories on how seniors have used the reverse mortgage and how it’s made a difference in their lives:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Why Are People So Resistant to Reverse Mortgages?

Resource Networking MeetingI was at a resource provider network meeting the other morning when a Minnesota County government agency talked about their financial and foreclosure counseling services.  When I mentioned they should keep in mind that a reverse mortgage should be considered for homeowners over 62 the response was resistance.  Here’s how the conversation went.

Me: “Keep in mind that a reverse mortgage may be an option for your clients who are homeowners 62 and over.”

Agency: “Our clients don’t qualify for a reverse mortgage.”

Me: “Why do you say that?  Are they homeowners 62 and over?”

Agency with hesitancy: “Some, but not many.”

Me: “Well for those 62 and over a reverse mortgage may help them.”

Agency, again with hesitancy: “They are in foreclosure.”

Me: “But a reverse mortgage may help save their home from foreclosure.”

Agency, defensively: “But one spouse may not be 62.”

Me: “The requirement is that both borrowers be 62 so the younger one would need to be removed from the title, and while that is risky and not normally recommended, if it’s a matter of losing their home or being able to stay in their home, the reverse mortgage may be an option.  It’s at least worth considering.*”

*I suggest they talk with an attorney so they are aware of the risks of removing a younger person from the title.

Agency: “But there may not be enough funds to pay off their mortgage.”

Me: “We can work with the banks to negotiate them taking the reverse mortgage proceeds as a payoff.  It’s been done where the banks accept the reverse mortgage as a payoff.  It can be a challenge but it is at least worth a discussion and a try.  We have done some amazing things.

“All I’m saying is that instead of saying there aren’t options, we can’t help, the reverse mortgage should at least considered as an option and explored for those over 62.”

This conversation raises the question, why are people resistant to reverse mortgages when it can make such a difference in the lives of seniors?

Are they so hung up that it’s not their agency solving the problem they don’t think anyone can?  Or is it they don’t want someone else to help?  Are they afraid that someone else can help and they can’t?  Is it because their funding depends on them solving the problem and it’s more beneficial to them to not help and not provide all options?  Is it because they are a non-profit government agency and we are a private for-profit company?  Is it they don’t think I should get paid for my services (after all as a government non-profit agency and as paid staff they are making a salary with sick days and vacation days while I’m commissioned, no paid sick or vacation days.)?  Or is it they just don’t understand reverse mortgages?

I don’t understand why they or others wouldn’t want to offer an option that may benefit the seniors even if it’s not their program that solves the problem.  Even if it helps just one person/couple, isn’t it worth it?

A reverse mortgage is a mortgage that has special terms for those 62 and older to use their equity while they still own and live in the home.  Income and credit aren’t considered to qualify for an interest rate and monthly payments are not required during the term of the loan.  The loan is due when the home is no longer the primary residence of the borrower(s).

The most common reverse mortgage, and only one available in Minnesota, is the HUD Home Equity Conversion Mortgage or HECM which is insured by FHA.  The borrowers pay a FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP).

When the loan is being paid off, the borrower or the estate keep any difference between the loan balance and the sale price.  As a non-recourse loan, if the loan balance is higher than the sale price on the home, the lender is repaid the fair market value and the borrower doesn’t have to pay the difference – the FHA MIP covers the difference. The loan documents spell out there is no personal liability to the borrower or their estate, unlike conventional mortgages that can get funds from the estate to cover the loan balance.

One of the other meeting attendees commented to me after the meeting, “It appears they don’t really care to be helping people.”  That’s a sad impression to give when you are an agency paid to help the community.

I believe we all need to work together and offer options to help, whether non-profit, government or private for-profit.  If the reverse mortgage is considered and explored but is not the right option, I want to be able to know about other options and people who may help so I can do referrals to someone who might be able to assist them.  This is why I attend provider network meetings to learn about resources and options.

I wish others wouldn’t be so resistant to reverse mortgages when they can make such a difference for seniors.

© 2012 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-xc

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Questions About Reverse Mortgages Continue Receiving Misinformation As Responses

Couple Want A Reverse MortgageRecently I saw a question on an on-line forum wondering if the questionnaire’s relative should be doing a reverse mortgage.  They stated that the relative who is in their mid-60’s and in great health recently remarried a woman who likes expensive things.  This relative evidently has a monthly fixed income of $8,000 and an expensive home and wants to do a reverse mortgage.  With concern over the new wife “bleeding him dry” they “want to protect him.”  They asked for others experience and opinions on reverse mortgages.

Now before you go off and start stating this person shouldn’t be doing the reverse mortgage because reverse mortgages are bad and/or expensive or the person should be able to live off of $8,000 a month as replies to the questions stated, read my reply:

There is a lot of misinformation about reverse mortgages.  Most articles in the media, politicians, so called “financial advisors” who write and/or comment about reverse mortgages and those mortgage professionals who don’t offer them, friends or neighbors with the statements that they are “bad” are based on their own opinions, not on the facts.  They have not talked with those of us in the reverse mortgage industry to get the facts.  So don’t base your opinion or decision on these sources.

You don’t go to a plumber if you are having health problems, right?  You go to a doctor, and not just a generalist but a specialist in the area of need.  Well the same should be true with a reverse mortgage – go to a reverse mortgage specialist to get the facts to make your decision.

See my blog post, “Seventeen Facts about Reverse Mortgages That You May Not Know.

A reverse mortgage is a mortgage with special terms for seniors 62 and older.  Some of the differences include income and credit scores are not considered to qualify and monthly mortgage payments are not required.  Rather than a 15 or 30 year term, the loan is due and payable when the home is no longer the primary residence of the borrowers or on the 150th birthday of the youngest borrower.  In addition, the reverse mortgage is non-recourse, which means if the loan balance is higher than what the home can be sold for there is no personal liability to the borrower or their heirs.  If the home is sold for more than the loan balance, the borrower or their heirs receive the difference.

Often thought of or stated as expensive, the costs are actually comparable to a conventional mortgage except for the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium.  See a side-by-side comparison at “Comparing Reverse Mortgage Closing Costs To A Conventional Mortgage – You’ll Be Surprised They Are Not That Different.”  And because the interest rates are historically lower than conventional mortgages, in the big picture the reverse mortgage can be less expensive.

Generally seniors don’t qualify for a conventional mortgage.  And even if they do, one needs to consider that payments are required.  What happens if “life happens” and one can no longer make the payment?  They could be facing foreclosure.  I often get calls from those who took out a conventional mortgage and can no longer make the payments and now want to do a reverse mortgage.  Unfortunately, I often have to say that there are not enough funds from the reverse mortgage to pay off their current mortgage (a requirement of the reverse mortgage).  They would have been better to do a reverse mortgage in the first place.

Now with that said, just like anything, a reverse mortgage is not right for everyone.  While there are no limitations on how the funds can be used one should consider if they will have funds to cover taxes, insurance, maintaining the home as well as other needs in the future.

It sounds like in this situation there is more concern about the new wife’s spending habits.  Are you or others concerned about the new wife eating away at an inheritance?  Because reverse mortgage proceeds use the equity, there may be less inheritance for heirs – this can be considered a negative of the reverse mortgage.

Have a conversation about the reasons for a Reverse MortgageI would suggest a conversation with your relative to understand their reasons for a reverse mortgage.  Is the pension and income paying for the everyday lifestyle but they want extra to enjoy life such as traveling or modifying their home to be prepared for the future?  Do they have a financial and estate plan in place?  Do they have long term care insurance to cover needs of their future?  Have they talked with an elder law attorney to set up a will or trust to determine that the inheritance will go to his heirs and not all go to his new wife?

After helping them get the facts and looking at options, keep in mind it is his decision in the end.  You might check out, “Who Are We To Judge How Reverse Mortgage Funds Should Be Used?

Find a reverse mortgage originator who specializes in reverse mortgages (not conventional mortgages) who has experience and will provide you with the facts and details.  Look for one who has the client’s best interest in mind, not just their own.  Work with one who is local – not doing applications through the mail (for example I originate in Minnesota and meet with borrower’s and their relatives in person.).  And see if your relative will allow you to be part of the meetings with the originator and the counseling.  “What to Consider When Talking With Reverse Mortgage Lenders” will help you know questions to ask reverse mortgage originators and determine who you should have assist you with a reverse mortgage.

To get facts and details on reverse mortgages, explore my website, http://www.RMSIDAC.com and other articles on my blog, http://www.BethsReverseMortgageBlog.wordpress.com.

© 2009 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-tL

Related Articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Comparing Reverse Mortgage Closing Costs To A Conventional Mortgage – You’ll Be Surprised They Are Not That Different

Compare Closing Costs for Refinancing Your Home - A Reverse or Conventional MortgageIt seems like every article, report or someone you talk with states the reverse mortgage  closing costs are high.  Have you looked at closing costs on a conventional home mortgage?

As with a conventional home mortgage (called a “forward” by HUD), the closing costs for reverse mortgages may vary depending on the home value and the complexity of the loan.  Let’s compare the costs side-by-side for a Home Equity Conversion Mortgage  or HECM and a conventional/forward mortgage.

The third party and recording fees are standard for any loan.  However, with the reverse mortgage HUD regulates the fees and requires that only the actual cost may be charged to the borrower, they do not allow mark ups such as processing or servicing fees.  Look at an estimated comparison based on a Minnesota home valued at $200,000:

Third Party Fees Reverse FHA Forward Forward FHA
Appraisal $450 $400 $450
Credit Report $20 $20 $20
Flood Certification $16.50 $16.50 $16.50
Courier Fee* $25 $55 $25
Escrow, Settlement, or Closing $250 $250 $250
Abstract or Title Search $100 $100 $100
Title Exam $100 $100 $100
Document Preparation $100 $100 $100
Title Insurance $475 $475 $475
Endorsements $100 $100
Recording Fees $92 $46 $92
County/Mortgage Registration Tax $323 $480 $480
Plat Drawing $60 $60 $60
Name Search $30 $30 $30
Special Assessment Search $30 $30 $30
Counseling Fee $125 N/A N/A
TOTAL THIRD PARTY FEES $2,196.50 $2,262.50** $2,328.50

* Courier Fee is for sending a payoff on a current mortgage to the mortgage holder.

** These fees do not include all mark ups/processing fees so these may be higher when mark ups/processing fees are included.

Now let’s compare the Lender Fees:

FHA’s Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP) is paid directly to FHA.  With the FHA HECM Standard this is 2% of the home value and 2 1/4% for a forward.  The FHA HECM Saver has a reduced MIP.  The advantages with FHA insuring the reverse mortgage include:

  • Guaranteeing the funds are available for you.
  • Guaranteeing the lender against default or shortfalls which means the interest rates are lower (currently under 3% on the HECM Standard Adjustable Rate) compared to other mortgages.
  • Providing a line of credit growth rate (available only with reverse mortgages).
  • Ensuring as a reverse mortgage it is a non-recourse (no personal liability) loan.

The origination fee is what the originating lender receives to cover the loan officer’s salary, overhead to run the business, i.e. staff salaries, administration costs, computers, electricity, office supplies, marketing expense, gas mileage, health insurance of employees, etc..  The origination fee also includes the processing and underwriting costs which are generally separate and charged to the borrower on forward loans.  HUD regulates the reverse mortgage origination fee to be 2% of the 1st $200,000; 1% thereafter with a cap of $6,000.  With a minimum of $2,500.

The reverse mortgage fees are based on the full home value because over time borrowers can access more than the home value at the time of origination.

An estimate based on a $200,000 home value:

LENDER FEES REVERSE FHA FORWARD FORWARD FHA
Origination/Points $4,000 $2,000* $2,000*
MIP $4,000 $0 $3.500
Underwriting/Processing $0 $700 $700
SUBTOTAL LENDER FEES $8,000 $2,700 $6,200
Backend fee** $0 $2,000 $2,000
TOTAL LENDER FEES $8,000 $4,700 $8,200
Prepaid Interest*** N/A ++ ++

*Typical points on Forward loans are 0-4%; this example is based on $100,000 loan at 2% points.
** Forward loans often have a 1% back-end fee.
*** Number of points are directly related to interest rate charged; the more points paid the lower the interest rate; the lower points paid, the higher interest rate.

TOTAL LOAN FEES REVERSE FHA FORWARD FORWARD FHA
$10,196.5 $6,952.50 $10,528.50

Note:  THE DIFFERENCE IS BASICALLY THE FHA MORTGAGE PREMIUM!  Refer to above comments on the benefits of FHA insuring the loan.

Because the majority of conventional loans being done now are FHA insured, the reverse mortgage is actually less expensive.

The fees associated with the reverse mortgage are fully financed as part of the loan with no out of pocket expenses other than the FHA appraisal.  (As of 2010 Appraisal Management Companies must be used to order and process the appraisal.  This fee is required to be paid for by borrower up front or “out of pocket.”)  All of the fees must be disclosed on the Good Faith Estimate (GFE).

Keep in mind that there has to be a cost involved because everyone in the transaction needs to be paid for there services.  If the costs on a mortgage aren’t paid up-front then they’ll be paid over time with a higher interest.

When considering whether to do a forward mortgage or a reverse mortgage you must consider if you can even qualify for a forward mortgage; then if you can make the payments over time.  For example, what happens if “life happens,” could you continue making those payments or would you be facing foreclosure?

You also need to consider that if you do a forward mortgage now (if you even qualify), you’ll be paying the closings costs on that loan and then when you need more funds in the future and you refinance you’ll be paying the closings costs again.  These together can equal or exceed the total of the closing costs on the reverse mortgage.

Whereas with the reverse mortgage you pay the closing costs upfront and then without paying closing costs again you have access to more funds through your life as long as you are living in the home as your primary residence.  The additional funds would be either through monthly payments, a line of credit if that is the type of loan you have chosen.

In the big picture the cost of the reverse mortgage is less than a forward mortgage over time because the interest rate is lower on the reverse mortgage.  Therefore typically it doesn’t take too long for a forward mortgage to make up and then exceed what difference there is in closing costs of the reverse mortgage.

Now that we’ve compared the costs side-by-side, are you surprised that they are comparable to a conventional loan?

Article updated May 2012

© 2011-2012 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link: http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-t4

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Reverse Mortgages Are Expensive… Compared To What?

Reverse Mortgages Expensive - Compared to what?Everywhere you turn you hear or see in print that reverse mortgages are expensive.  I wonder what they are comparing them to to come up with this statement.

A conventional mortgage where one has to qualify for the loan based on income, credit, assets and ability to make the payment?  Where the interest rate is based on one’s income, credit, and assets?  Where one has to make monthly payments?  Where the loan has to be repaid in full either from the sale of the property or from assets?  Selling and moving?  Where there are fees for a realtor, closing fees, moving costs and rent?  Do they really think these options are less expensive?

Have you compared the reverse mortgage to a conventional mortgage?  Let’s take a look:

Terms Conventional Mortgage Reverse Mortgage
Retain Title/Own Home Yes Yes
Use Home For Collateral Yes Yes
Lien Placed Against Property Yes Yes
Income Requirements Yes* No
Credit Score Requirements Yes* No
Monthly Payment Requirements Yes* No
Repayment Term 15 years, 30 years, etc* When home is no longer primary residence or 150th birthday of borrower
Closing Costs Origination fee, third party fees, possibly FHA Mortgage Insurance Origination fee, third party fees, FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium**
Amount To Be Repaid Loan Balance Loan Balance
Non-recourse, there is no personal liability to the borrower(s) or their estate Not an option – full loan balance is due and would be paid from the estate if not from the sale from the home Yes, the estate would NOT have to come up with the difference if the loan balance is higher than what the home can be sold for (fair market valued)

*Terms and interest rate is determined by income, assets, credit score, ability to make payments and points.

** When costs are compared side-by-side the difference is the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium.  And the FHA MIP provides many benefits to senior homeowners who do a reverse mortgage.

Compared to Selling and Moving?  Let’s take a look.

Terms Selling & Moving/Rent In Senior Housing Reverse Mortgage
Retain Title/Own Home No Yes
Credit Score Requirements Yes (rental properties look at credit and income to determine if you’ll be able to pay the rent or need to rely on government programs) No
Monthly Payments Requirements Yes, Rent.  Rent in Assisted Living will range from $2,500 to $8,000/month depending on services.  Additional services, i.e. home care, will be additional. No
Realtor/Originator Fee 4% to7% Realtor Fee.  On a $200,000 home = $8,000 to $14,000. Origination Fee is 2% on the 1st $200,000; 1% thereafter max of $6,000.  On a $200,000 home = $4,000.
Third Party Fees/Other Fees Yes Yes; FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium
Non-recourse, there are is no personal liability to the borrower(s) or their estate Not applicable Yes, the estate would NOT have to come up with the difference if the loan balance is higher than what the home can be sold for (at fair market value)


Where else can one access funds with these benefits for the cost of the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium?  To say the reverse mortgage costs are high compared to a conventional mortgage or to selling and moving is like comparing apples to oranges. 

So I still ask, reverse mortgages are expensive?  Compared to what?

© 2011 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material my be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety and without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link: http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-sm


Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Seventeen Facts About Reverse Mortgages You May Not Know.

With the many misunderstandings about reverse mortgages I want to share seventeen facts to help clear up the misconceptions.

  1. A reverse mortgage is a mortgage just like any loan against the home where the borrower is using the equity of their home to meet their needs and desires now, but with special terms for seniors 62 and older.
  2. The lender or bank does NOT own the home – YOU OWN THE HOME, you keep the title!  The lender or bank does NOT take your home when you die.
  3. Income and credit scores do not determine the interest rate. Interest rate is determined by the margin and the program chosen.
  4. No monthly mortgage payments are required.  Borrowers are responsible for paying property taxes, hazard insurance, maintaining the property, paying HOA dues if applicable.
  5. The home does not have to be free and clear or have a lot of equity.  Although enough equity is needed to pay off current liens and/or mortgages.
  6. There is no limitation on how the funds can be used.  Some common uses include paying off a current mortgage, paying for home repairs or modifications, planning for retirement, home health care or adult day services, medical expenses, every day living expenses and even to purchase a home.  Whatever one needs or wants.
  7. More options are available than with a conventional or home equity mortgage – Funds can be received in monthly payments structured as needed, line of credit (with a growth rate), lump sum, or a combination of these.
  8. Social Security and Medicare are not affected because it is a loan, and not considered income.
  9. Medicaid (Medical Assistance in Minnesota) can still be received with the reverse mortgage.  (Your originator should know this and be able to assist you if or when you are going on Medicaid.)
  10. Borrowers can stay in the home as long as it is their primary residence or in the case of a couple as long as one borrower is still in the home as their primary residence and they are abiding by the terms of the loan.  The due date on the mortgage is the youngest borrower’s 150th birthday.
  11. At the time of sale if the home is sold for more than the loan balance, the borrower(s) or their heirs receive the difference.  The bank does NOT keep the difference!
  12. The loan is non-recourse which means there is no personal liability to the borrower or their heirs.  This means borrowers or their heirs don’t have to come up with the difference if the loan balance is higher than what the home is sold (at fair market value).  Borrowers are not leaving a debt to their children.
  13. Just like any mortgage, borrowers are responsible for property taxes and insurance, association dues (if applicable), maintaining the property and abiding by the terms of the loan.
  14. As borrowers use the funds/equity and are not making monthly payments the loan balance increases meaning because they used the money now, there will be less available when the loan is being repaid.  (With a conventional mortgage one is using the equity but making monthly payments which repays the interest and a portion of the principal each month.)  With the reverse mortgage, one has the flexibility to choose to make payments to reduce the loan balance, funds then become available to re-borrower in the future.
  15. Closing costs are comparable to a conventional mortgage – even though many times they are considered expensive or high they compare to conventional loans, in fact the difference comes down to the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium.  Fees are regulated and only HUD allowed fees are permitted with no mark-ups or junk fees.  You can see a comparison of the costs in my article, “Surprise! Reverse Mortgage Closing Costs Actually Compare to Conventional Mortgage Costs”    Note, there are no out of pocket costs except for the appraisal.  The costs typically become part of the loan balance.
  16. FHA offers and insures through HUD the majority of reverse mortgages known as the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage or HECM, making it the most highly regulated mortgage available.
  17. HUD insuring the reverse mortgage provides advantages including:
  • Guaranteeing the funds are available for you.
  • Guaranteeing the lender against default or shortfalls
  • Keeping the interest rates lower, the interest rates have historically been lower compared to other mortgages.
  • Providing a line of credit growth rate (available only with reverse mortgages).
  • Ensuring as a reverse mortgage it is a non-recourse (no personal liability) loan.
  • Requiring counseling by a third party HUD trained and approved counselor.
  • The HECMs are highly protected.  See my Blog article “You Need To know Reverse Mortgage Borrowers Are Highly Protected.

Before dismissing a reverse mortgage as an option, know the facts and talk with a reverse mortgage expert to see if one is right for your situation.  Originators do not charge to meet with you and educate you on reverse mortgages.  No product or service is right for everyone but with the facts you can make an informed decision.

Originally posted in 2011, updated in 2015.

© 2011-2015 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link: http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-qc

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Reverse Mortgages Give Reasons For Hope

Reverse Mortgages Provide HopeAs I was reflecting on the hope that this season brings I got to thinking about the reasons the reverse mortgage gives hope to seniors.  Here are some of the reasons for hope with a reverse mortgage.  Yes, the list is long but seniors have a long list of wants and needs for hope.  With a reverse mortgage one will be able to:

  • Stay in one’s home where they may have raised their family, are familiar with the neighborhood and their neighbors and where they usually want to remain.
  • Pay off a current mortgage to eliminate the monthly mortgage payments.
  • Save one’s home when faced with foreclosure or tax forfeiture.
  • Have improved cash flow with no monthly mortgage payments.
  •  Have funds for making home improvements or home modifications.
  •  Retire and not feeling like you have to work just to have money to pay the bills.
  •  Have cash flow to be able to pay taxes.Reverse Mortgage Finances Home Health Care
  •  Have funds to pay for home health care.
  •  Have funds for some assistance with home care or companion services.
  •  Have funds for adult day services.
  •  Have funds for medical expenses and prescriptions.
  •  Afford going to the dentist.
  •  Afford new eye glasses.
  •  Have funds for the needed hearing aid.
  •  Have funds to cover long term care expenses.
  •  Cover everyday living expenses.
  •  Not rely on credit cards.
  •  Not rely on children.Reverse Mortgage Makes Grocery Shopping Easier
  •  Have funds for the little extras in life, like:
    • getting one’s hair done,
    • having cable TV,
    • buying groceries,
    • going to lunch with friends,
    • treating their children to dinner,
    • going to community plays or the theater or a concert,
    • taking the grandchildren to the zoo or a movie,
    • Depends (I had a client say with their reverse mortgage they could now afford to by Depends),
    • being able to do hobbies.Reverse Mortgage provides funds to enjoy hobby of golfing
  • Purchase a more dependable car
  • Afford transportation if one can no longer drive.
  • Afford the travel for the family wedding or reunion.
  • Take the vacation they have dreamed of all their life.
  • Protect some of their other retirement funds or investments where there might be taxes or penalties on withdrawals.
  • Purchase a new home to downsize and/or  move closer to family
  • Have funds for emergencies.
  • Reduce financial stress.
  • Have funds to full fill needs and goals.
  • To live with security, independence, dignity and control.

I have helped seniors where a reverse mortgage has fulfilled all of these reasons and more, providing hope for their future (visit the links below for some stories).  A reverse mortgage has given hope to thousands of Minnesota seniors so they can remain in their home with security, independence, dignity and control even during trying times.  If you know a senior who is looking for hope for one of the above reasons, a reverse mortgage may be their answer.

To determine if a reverse mortgage is right for one’s situation, talk with an experienced licensed reverse mortgage expert to get the facts.  Learn some of the facts at our website: www.RMSIDAC.com.  “What to Consider When Talking With Reverse Mortgage Lenders” will help you determine questions to ask when choosing your originator.

© 2011-2015 Beth Paterson, CRMP, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/pxPEm-pQ

Related articles of stories on how seniors have used the reverse mortgage and how it’s made a difference in their lives:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

A New Reverse Mortgage Option, The HECM Saver… Is It A Good Option for Seniors?

AS OF OCTOBER 1, 2013 THE HECM STANDARD AND HECM SAVER PRODUCTS ARE NO LONGER AVAILABLE.

MN Man benefited by reverse mortageIn 1989 FHA insured the first HUD reverse mortgage known as the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage or HECM.  Through the years it has pretty much been the same until October 2010 when HUD introduced the HECM Saver.  Before determining if the HECM Saver is a good option one must first have an understanding of reverse mortgages.

A mortgage just like any other mortgage, the reverse mortgage offers special terms for seniors home owners 62 and older.  Advantages for seniors are with the reverse mortgage there are no income or credit score requirements and no monthly payment requirements.

The Principal Limit or maximum loan amount is determined by the home value or FHA Lending Limit, the age of the youngest borrower (the older one is the more they can receive), the Expected Interest Rate, and the program chosen.  The funds available can be received in a lump sum, monthly payments, or a line of credit.  The monthly payments can be structured as one needs or for life as long as the home is the primary residence.  Funds in the line of credit grow so more funds can be available in the future.

The borrowers keep the title to the home and are responsible for taxes, insurance, and maintaining the home.  Unlike a conventional loan the interest accrues, increasing the balance with no payments due until the home is no longer the primary residence of the borrowers.  In addition, the reverse mortgage is a non-recourse loan which means there is no personal liability to the borrowers or their estate for repayment if they or their estate are not retaining ownership.  Remaining equity goes to the borrowers or their heirs.

One can have a trust, life estate, or receive Medical Assistance, Elderly Waiver or other public benefits.  In the case of a couple even if one of the borrowers goes into the nursing home or passes away, the other one can stay in the home.  Not considered income, Social Security and Medicare are not affected.

With no limitations on how the funds can be used, through the years hundreds of thousands of seniors have benefited from the reverse mortgage allowing them to stay in their home and have security, independence and control.

However the closing costs often scare people away.  As with a conventional loan, there are traditional closing costs including an origination fee, appraisal, title fees, title insurance and recording fees.  With the FHA HECM borrowers also pay a mortgage insurance premium (MIP).  Because the fees are upfront, they are often perceived as high.

With the introduction of the Saver, which has all the same features of the original HECM, the upfront FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium is 0.01% compared to 2.00% which helps reduce the upfront closing costs.  But it also reduces the Principal Limit available to borrowers.

The HECM Saver could be beneficial to those who don’t want to pay as much in the upfront closing costs but also don’t want to use as much equity from their home.  It can be ideal if one plans on moving in a shorter period of time or has a higher home value and wants to preserve more of the equity.

HECM Saver Good OptionTim and Mary have a conventional mortgage and they would like to eliminate the mortgage payments.  In addition they want to pull out as little of the equity as they can.  The HECM Saver is ideal for their situation because there are enough proceeds to pay off their current mortgage and use less of their equity.

Judy considered the HECM Saver but has chosen to go with the HECM Standard adjustable rate because after paying off her current mortgage and some other debts, she will have more funds in a line of credit for future use.

One must always look at their situation to determine which program will work best for their circumstances.  A consideration while reviewing the options between a HECM Saver and the HECM Standard (the original program), is whether in a few years one will have used all the proceeds from the HECM Saver and will need more funds.  While one can refinance a reverse mortgage when refinancing a mortgage one pays the closing costs again (just as is done with a conventional mortgage) and the first mortgage must be paid off.

Consequently while saving on the upfront MIP with the HECM Saver, if more funds are needed at a future date, it could be more costly when refinancing by paying the closing costs a second time.  And one may or may not even qualify to refinance their HECM Saver.

So is the HECM Saver a good option for those seeking a reverse mortgage?  It certainly should be an option considered and could be a good option depending on one’s circumstances.

© 2010 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-oK

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

How Do Reverse Mortgages Compare to Conventional Mortgages?

Comparing A Reverse Mortgage to A Conventional MortgageA Reverse Mortgage is similar to a conventional mortgage because it is a lien against the property and the title remains in the name of the borrower.  As with the conventional mortgage, the reverse mortgage borrower is responsible for maintaining the property and paying the property taxes and insurance and association dues if applicable.

The costs are also similar to the conventional loan including an appraisal, title insurance, settlement fees, origination fee, and recording fees.  Additional costs with the HUD Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) reverse mortgage are the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP) and a monthly service fee.  Note that on a conventional loan the servicing fee is included in the interest rate, whereas it is a separate fee with the reverse mortgage.   If one is doing a “forward” FHA loan, they too will have the FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium.

To determine the loan amount on a conventional loan, the lender looks at the home value, credit worthiness, income, assets, and other potential risks that may be associated with loan repayment.  The reverse mortgage is different because there are no income or credit score qualifications.  The age of the borrower(s), the home value, and the expected interest rate are used for determining the loan amount.

With the conventional mortgage one receives a lump sum and has to make monthly payments.  With the reverse mortgage one receive cash without making monthly or immediate repayment.   Funds can be received in a lump sum, monthly payments, line of credit, or a combination of these.

A loan term or when the loan is to be paid in full  is usually set at  15 or 30 years with a conventional mortgage.  A reverse mortgage is to be paid in full when the loan is no longer the primary residence of the borrower(s) or on the 150th birthday of the youngest borrower.

As with a conventional mortgage, when the loan is due and payable, the house does not become the property of the lender.  The borrower or estate handles the repayment of the loan.  When the home is sold with either mortgage the loan is paid off and the remaining equity is the borrower’s or their heirs.

The reverse mortgage is a non-recourse loan which means the loan is paid back based on the fair market value (generally from the sale of the home) with no personal liability to the borrower or the estate .

For seniors 62 and older, the reverse mortgage is generally more advantageous than a conventional loan.

© 2010-2011 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material my be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-ot

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.

Need Home Modifications To Age In Place? A Reverse Mortgage May Help

Seniors want to Age in PlaceMost seniors want to stay in their homes and remain independent yet often believe they can’t for a number of reasons.  Making some home modifications could make their wish of remaining in their home a reality by providing a safer more comfortable environment.

More than one third of those age 65 and older suffer injuries from a fall each year according to research from the National Center for Injury Control and Prevention.  AARP research suggests the leading cause of injury and deaths among seniors is falls.  Modifying one’s home can help to eliminate common hazards and help to improve the quality of living in one’s home.  Improving the safety of one’s home can help one have more comfort, convenience, and  remain independent and active in their community.  Some people have mobility limitations from causes other than falls and still want to stay in their home.  This too can be accomplished with some home modifications.Home modifications can help seniors remain in home

Bathing, toileting, cooking, and climbing stairs can be made easier to perform by adapting one’s home.  Modifying one’s home can be as simple as installing grab bars in the bathrooms, removing throw rugs, moving electrical cords from hazardous locations, touch buttons for turning lights on and off to installing entrances to accommodate wheel chairs and lifts to access another level.

By assessing and modifying one’s home, one can live more safely, comfortably and remain independent.  But how can one afford this?  A reverse mortgage may be the solution beyond what Medicare or insurance will pay for.

A reverse mortgage is a special loan to allow seniors to remain in their home with security, independence, dignity, and control by converting the equity into cash.  Similar to a conventional loan where a lien is placed on the home yet the borrower retains ownership.  The reverse mortgage is different from a conventional loan with no income or credit scores required and no monthly mortgage payment requirements.

The reverse mortgage loan amount is based on the age of the borrower, their home value and an Expected Interest Rate.  Due and payable when the home is no longer the primary residence, usually when they move, die or sell, a reverse mortgage can allow one to remain in their home and use the equity now.  As a non-recourse loan there is no personal liability to the borrower or their estate as long as they are not retaining ownership.  If the home is sold for more than the loan balance then the borrower(s) or their heirs keep the difference.Reverse Mortgage Helped Bob Modify His Home

Bob, a Minnesota senior who had lost his wife wanted to stay in his home.  He did the reverse mortgage and with a portion of his proceeds he modified his home to be prepared for the future such as having the doorways wider to accommodate a wheel chair and grab bars installed.  He’s thrilled that he was able to have his home modified and will be able to remain there for years to come.

© 2010 Beth Paterson, Beth’s Reverse Mortgage Blog, 651-762-9648

This material may be re-posted provided it is re-posted in its entirety without modifications and includes the contact information, copyright information and the following link:  http://wp.me/p4EUZQ-ob

Related articles:

Blog posts’ information is current as of date post published, program is subject to change in in the future. Contact us for current information, 651-762-9648.

This site or the information provided is not from, or approved by, HUD, FHA, or any US Government or Agency.